Chanukah/Hanukkah/Kanukah “The Festival of Lights” or “The Feast of Dedication” is celebrated for 8 days (usually in Dec.) with candle lighting, dreydl playing and the eating of latkes and doughnuts. It commemorates the story of the victory of the Maccabees over the Greek Syrian king Antiochus in 165 BCE. Judah Maccabee, known as Judah the hammer, led the Jewish people in recapturing their temple from Syrian occupying forces, allowing Jews to practice their religion again. The uprising was started by Judah's father, Mattathias, against Antiochus IV, the Syrian ruler of what is now part of Israel. Judah continued the revolt after Mattathias' death, eventually retaking the desecrated Jerusalem temple. After restoring and dedicating it, Judas and those assembled in Israel, decided the event should be remembered annually "with joy and gladness for eight days."